Here is an idea of what you need to make candles.
- Reusable Equipment
- Scales (preferable digital)
- Pouring Pitcher
- Melting Device
- Heating Gun
if you get your wax too hot you will scorch it, and it will not come back together in a nice solid form. Also, each wax has a specific tempiture that you need to pour the wax at. If you pour too hot it will not cool properly and you will get wet spots (where the candle has not adhered to the wall of the jar) or you will get terrible uneven looking tops.
Liquid volume is different than net weight. Wax and fragrance is sold in net weight. Jars are measured according to liquid volume. Typically 18 liquid ounces of wax is one net weight pound. So, if you have an 9 oz hex jar, it will take 1 pound to make 2 candles. You can also figure in your fragrance oil to your finished candle weight. So, if your making a 5 pound batch, and you add 5 oz of fragrances, you actually have 5 pounds 5 ounces of finished wax. It’s is nice to have some small jars or tealights around just to use up the extra wax. Worst case, take a jar and put a wick in it, and pour your left over wax in layers and someday you will have a candle for yourself with wax that is just left over. Another reason to have a scale is to save money. You save money by buying in larger quantities. If you have a way to measure them down into smaller batches you have saved money. Another is saving on fragrance oil. Some fragrance oils are light, and some are heavy. If you just use 2 tablespoons per pound of wax, you may be shorting some and not have a strong smelling candle, or you may be adding too much fragrance and therefore losing profit. The last reason you should have a scale is consistency and the ability to alter your batch. If you made Spring Lilac with 1 ounce of fragrance per pound, but the cold throw is not good, then next time you want to add more.
it is what you use to add the melted wax, fragrance, and dye in to allow it to cool before you pour it into your jars, molds, etc.
I use an 18 quart turkey roaster, the crock pot kind. But I make larges batches. You can simply use your small crock pot and clean it easily with dawn dish soap and hot water. Soy wax is vegetable oil that easily cleans up. You can use a double boiler system on the stove, but never put the wax directly on the stove. It can scorch, and believe it or not, it has a flash point and can ignite. You can cheat and microwave your wax. I do not recommend this. Put the power on 70% and stir gently at least every minute. the thing about soy wax is, we take liquid soy bean oil, Golden Blends hydrogenates its into flake form, we melt it, add dye and fragrance, and expect it to come back into a perfect solid form with constant color and fragrance load throughout the entire block of candle. That’s asking a lot. Microwaving wax can cause very hot spot in certain areas of the wax before you stir. My neighbor and I made a quick batch to get some jars test wicked before you put in a large order. Her microwave did not vary in power. Somehow it made air bubbles in the wax, that I had never seen in all my thousands of candles. But, I have also made beautiful candles at 70% power stirring every minute.
Some experts will never need one. What happens when the candles start to harden and you don’t have the wick in the center perfect, and you move it, and it leaves a drag mark in the top. what happens if you didn’t follow pouring temps or your room temp was too cold and your tops didn’t harden smooth? Simply take your heat gun on low heat and gently remelt the tops. It’s all good. Your hair dryer will not work because the blowing power is too intense, it will melt the wax, but it will blow it all over the candle and your wall. If you want to save the 20 bucks go ahead and try it. At least it will clean up easy with soap and water, LOL.